A hymn in praise of the Goddess Durgā. Manuscripts containing this text were considered amulets (kavaca, lit. 'armour'), charms protecting the person who carries them from various kinds of evil influences (see Gonda 1977: 247). The manuscript is a single birch bark sheet, an uncommon writing material in Nepal ('The bark of the birch bhūrja, vulgarly bhōj is used in Nepāl only for charms and amulets, of which I brought home one specimen Add MS 1578. At least I never saw or heard of a book of this material' Wright 1877: 316). This text is closely related to the Devīmāhātmya (included in Mārkaṇḍeyapurāṇa), the Argalāstotra and the Kīlakastotra (it is often found in multi-text manuscripts together with these three texts, see Rodrigues 2009: 544, Slaje 1990: 131-2, and Janert 1970: 52, 78), and to the Varāhapurāṇa.
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