Sanskrit Manuscripts : Cāndravyākaraṇavṛtti


Sanskrit Manuscripts

<p style='text-align: justify;'>A fragment of the <i>Cāndravyākaraṇa</i> of the Buddhist grammarian Candragomin with its most widespread and best known commentary, the <i>Cāndravyākaraṇavṛtti</i>, for a long time believed to be the work of Candragomin himself, but now generally attributed to an author called Dharmadāsa, of which nothing else is known (Dash 1986; Oberlies 1989). In this manuscript each <i>sūtra</i> (i.e. rule) is separated from the commentary to the previous <i>sūtra</i> by a double <i>daṇḍa</i> followed by a small blank and another double <i>daṇḍa</i>, thus facilitating their identification despite the poor condition of the folios. The fragment contains a portion of the first section (<i>pāda</i>, literally “quarter”) of the fifth chapter (<i>adhyāya</i>), starting at some place before rule 5.1.16, <i>śenṅitoḥ</i>, which is legible, though barely, on <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(1);return false;'>f. 1r4</a>, followed by rules 17, <i>jyāvraścapracchabhrasjāṃ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(1);return false;'>f. 1r4</a>; 18, <i>vaśas tiṅśity apiti</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(1);return false;'>f. 1r5</a>; and 19, <i>vyaco ñṇityasi</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(2);return false;'>f. 1v6</a>. The first rule identified by Bendall (1883: 159), namely 5.1.21, <i>liṭy aśver dvirukte</i>, appears on <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(2);return false;'>f. 1v1</a>. In the rest of the manuscript the following <i>sūtra</i>s are legible, more or less clearly: 23, <i>svapaḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(2);return false;'>1v4</a>; 24, <i>caṅi</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(2);return false;'>1v4</a>; 25, <i>yaṅi</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(2);return false;'>1v5</a>; 26, <i>vyesyamoḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(2);return false;'>1v5</a>; 27, <i>cāyaḥ kīḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(2);return false;'>1v5]</a>; 28, <i>pres styaś ca tatavatoḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(2);return false;'>1v6</a>; 29, <i>sprśadravamūrtyoḥ śyaḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(2);return false;'>1v6</a>; 30, <i>prateḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(2);return false;'>1v7</a>; 34, <i>pyāyaḥ pīḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(3);return false;'>2r3</a>; 36, <i>liḍyaṅoḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(3);return false;'>2r5</a>; 37, <i>vā śveḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(3);return false;'>2r5</a>; 39, <i>hvaḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(4);return false;'>2v1</a>; 40, <i>dvitve</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(4);return false;'>2v2</a>; 41, <i>na tasmin</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(4);return false;'>2v3</a>; 42, <i>liṭi</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(4);return false;'>2v4</a>; 43, <i>vayo yaḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(4);return false;'>2v5</a>; 44, <i>ver apiti vā</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(4);return false;'>2v6</a>; 45, <i>lyapi ca</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(4);return false;'>2v6</a>; 46, <i>jyaḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(5);return false;'>3r1</a>; 47, <i>vyaḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(5);return false;'>3r1</a>; 48, <i>parer vā</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(5);return false;'>3r2</a>; 49, <i>eco śity āt_</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(5);return false;'>3r2</a>; 50, <i>aliṭi¦ vyaḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(5);return false;'>3r4-3r5</a>; 51, <i>sphurisphulor ghañi</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(5);return false;'>3r5</a>; 52, <i>dīṅo</i> <i class='error' style='font-style:normal;' title='This text in error in source'><i>’kṅitsan</i></i><i class='delim' style='font-style:normal; color:red'>(!)</i> <i>lyapi</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(5);return false;'>3r6</a>; 53, <i>mimyor akhalaci</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(5);return false;'>3r7</a>; 54, <i>liyo vā</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(6);return false;'>3v1</a>; 55, <i>apaguro ṇamuli</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(6);return false;'>3v3</a>; 56, <i><i class='delim' style='font-style:normal; color:red'>[</i><i class='damage' style='font-style:normal;' title='This text damaged in source'>-1-</i><i class='delim' style='font-style:normal; color:red'>]</i>sphuror ṇau</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(6);return false;'>3v4</a>; 57, <i>prajane viyaḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(6);return false;'>3v4</a>; 58, <i>bhiyaḥ</i> <i class='error' style='font-style:normal;' title='This text in error in source'><i>prajojakāt_</i></i><i class='delim' style='font-style:normal; color:red'>(!)</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(6);return false;'>3v5</a>; 59, <i>smeś ca</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(6);return false;'>3v6</a>; 60, <i class='error' style='font-style:normal;' title='This text in error in source'><i>krīṅjīnā</i></i><i class='delim' style='font-style:normal; color:red'>(!)</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(6);return false;'>3v7</a>; 61, <i class='error' style='font-style:normal;' title='This text in error in source'><i>aṣṭivuṣvaskādeḥ ṣas saḥ</i></i><i class='delim' style='font-style:normal; color:red'>(!)</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(7);return false;'>4r2</a>; 62, <i>ṇo naḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(7);return false;'>4r4</a>; 63, <i>yo vali lopaḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(7);return false;'>4r5</a>; (<i>sūtra</i> 64, <i>ver anacaḥ</i> is omitted, certainly due to a scribal mistake, as the commentary on rule 63 is incomplete but, after a <i>daṇḍa</i>, the text continues with the final part of the commentary on <i>sūtra</i> 64); 65, <i>halas tipsipaḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(7);return false;'>4r6</a>; 66, <i>soḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(7);return false;'>4r7</a>; 67, <i>ṅyāpo dirghāt</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(7);return false;'>4r7</a>; 68, <i>eṅ hrasvāt sambuddhāv ataḥ</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(7);return false;'>4r8</a>; 69, <i>hrasvasyātiṅi piti tuk</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(8);return false;'>4v2</a>; 70, <i class='error' style='font-style:normal;' title='This text in error in source'><i>phe</i></i><i class='delim' style='font-style:normal; color:red'>(!)</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(8);return false;'>4v4</a>; 71, <i>āṅmāṅah</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(8);return false;'>4v4</a>; 72, <i>dīrghasya</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(8);return false;'>4r5</a>; 73, <i>padāntasya vā</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(8);return false;'>4v5</a>; 74, <i>iko yaṇ aci</i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(8);return false;'>4v6</a>; 75, <i><i class='delim' style='font-style:normal; color:red'>[</i><i class='unclear' style='font-style:normal;' title='This text imperfectly legible in source'>eco ’yavāyāvaḥ</i><i class='delim' style='font-style:normal; color:red'>]</i></i>, <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(8);return false;'>4v7</a>. The last legible sutra is 5.1.76, <i>yi pare ’vāvau</i> on <a href='' onclick='store.loadPage(8);return false;'>f. 4v7</a>. The rest of the chapter, which comprises 142 <i>sūtra</i>s, is lost. The manuscript is badly damaged, but the readable portions correspond quite closely to the printed edition of the <i>Cāndravyākaraṇavṛtti</i> (Chatterji 1965). </p>

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