<p style='text-align: justify;'>Commissioned by the Empress Shōtoku 称徳天皇 (718-770), a large number of the Buddhist invocations called Darani 陀羅尼 (dhāraņī) were printed by woodblock between the years 764 and 770, each of which then enclosed inside a small wooden pagoda. Cambridge University Library possesses four examples of Darani (dhāraņī): Jishin’in darani 自心印陀羅尼 (short), Jishin’in darani 自心印陀羅尼 (long), Sōrin darani 相輪陀羅尼 (short), Konpon darani 根本陀羅尼 (long). These are among the oldest printed materials in the world, with the possible exception of a single <i>dhāraņī</i> found in Korea.</p> <p style='text-align: justify;'>This item is included in the Library’s 600th anniversary exhibition <a target='_blank' class='externalLink' href='https://exhibitions.lib.cam.ac.uk/linesofthought/artifacts/transporting-texts-the-pagoda/'><i>Lines of Thought: Discoveries that changed the world</i></a> which runs until 30 September 2016.</p>
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