<p style='text-align: justify;'>Famines have been a repeated occurrence throughout the history of China, as a result of natural disaster, climate change, civil war, foreign invasion and bureaucratic incompetence.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>One result of this is that a large body of literature has developed concerned with famine relief, including practical advice about substitutes for normal foodstuffs which may be found in nature and used in emergencies.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>This item is a handbook of famine relief, and contains a set of instructions for the distribution of emergency rations to famine victims.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>The work is not otherwise known as a self-standing volume, but it occurs as an appendix to a well-known compendium on famine relief <i>Qin ding Kang ji lu</i> first published in 1740, subsequently included in the great imperially-sponsored manuscript library <i>Si ku quan shu</i>, and reissued several times over the following two centuries. The work also spread to Japan, where editions appeared in 1794 and 1826.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>The manuscript is undated but may be assigned to the late 19th century. The text shows variations from the known printed versions which would repay further investigation.</p>
Under the 'View more options' menu you can find metadata about the item, any transcription and translation we have of the text and find out about sharing this image.
The images contained in the pdf download have the following copyright:
This will create a PDF with thumbnail images for all pages, and may take some time for large documents.
The images contained in this document have the following copyright:
This image has the following copyright:
Choose one of the available sizes to download:
This metadata has the following copyright:
Do you want to download metadata for this document?