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Western Medieval Manuscripts : Synopsis Basilicorum maior

Western Medieval Manuscripts

<p style='text-align: justify;'> The manuscript contains the <i>Synopsis Basilicorum maior</i>, an alphabetically arranged selection of the imperial laws, with the so-called <i>Appendix A</i>, a series of <i>Novellae</i> that often accompany this work.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'> It was copied by the Greek scribe Nikolaos Tourrianos (1535/40-1608/10) in 1564 in Salamanca. Born in Crete, Tourrianos was active in various cities, such as Padua, Venice, Constantinople, Salamanca and Paris. He was <i>scriptor</i> of the University of Salamanca (1569-1573) and of the Library of El Escorial (from 1573).</p><p style='text-align: justify;'> The exemplar of this codex, the first copied by Tourrianos in Spain (see de Andres 1969, p. 26), is MS El Escorial, Real Biblioteca, R.II.11 (see Easterling 1961, p. 259; Burgmann-Fögen-Schminck-Simon 1995, p. 59), owned by the Spanish humanist and diplomat Diego Hurtado de Mendoza: it was copied following a request by the jurist Eduardo Caldera.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'> The <i>Synopsis</i> of the Basilics was really popular among Spanish jurists of the 16th century; after Diego Hurtado de Mendoza took one of his copies of the work to the Council of Trent, many copies of it were made. Nikolaos Tourrianos copied this work two more times, in MSS Salamanca, Biblioteca Universitaria, 2737 (Segovia, 1565), and El Escorial, Real Biblioteca, Σ.I.8 (Segovia 1565).</p>

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