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Trinity Hall : Exemplar Statutorum

Bateman, William, c.1298-1355 (Bishop of Norwich)

Trinity Hall

<p style='text-align: justify;'>The statutes were sealed at Terling in Essex on 1 June 1352. The seal of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Simon Islip, was added on 1 December and the seals of the Chancellor of the University and Bishop Bateman were added on 9 December. Bateman’s plan for his new foundation was ambitious. The statutes stipulated that there were to be a Master, 20 fellows, and some scholars, which was more than any other college in Cambridge at the time. However, when he died suddenly in 1355, he left the College with only a master, 3 fellows, and 3 scholars. It wasn’t until 1952, 602 years later, that his vision was finally realized. </p><p style='text-align: justify;'>All the students were to study Law. There were to be between ten and thirteen civilians and seven to ten canonists. All members of College were to be in holy orders or intending to proceed to orders. Only the canonists were to proceed all the way through holy orders to priesthood within a year of admission as a fellow. The civilians were expected to leave Cambridge for public life within two years after proceeding to the doctorate at the earliest opportunity, unless he transferred to canon law studies. The canonist priest must resign on receiving any substantial benefice, but he could remain as a resident fellow pursuing his studies and priestly duties. However, they could not take money for saying masses for the souls of the dead. The fellows must not practice the law professionally to the detriment of their studies. </p><p style='text-align: justify;'>Members were to say the De Trinitate on rising and going to bed, were always to speak Latin, were to dispute 3 times a week on some point of canon or civil law (Mon, Wed, Fri), and were to listen to scripture being read to them during meals. At least half the society, including two priests, must always be in residence. The scale of living in common was not to be increased without the consent of two-thirds.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>These statutes made provision for five servants (staff): a steward, a baker, a baker’s assistant, a cook, and a cook’s assistant. Fellows and students were expected to take over their own housekeeping responsibilities, but if they had the means, they could hire private servants.</p><p style='text-align: justify;'>It also include a list of books donated to the College by Bishop Bateman. He left 23 vols on civil law, 20 on canon law, 3 on theology, and 7 service books. The books were never to be taken out of Cambridge and never allowed out at night, except for repairs. Very few of these volumes still survive today; some may have been destroyed during the royal Commision of 1548.</p>

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