A map says to you, 'Read me carefully, follow me closely, doubt me not.' It says, 'I am the earth in the palm of your hand. Without me, you are alone and lost.'
Beryl Markham, West with the Night
Maps are powerful objects, created and used for many varied reasons. They can be works of art, a means of propaganda, reflections of power and status, or tools for navigation. They give you the chance to follow the footsteps of those who lived centuries ago and to view the structures that would have been visible to them at the time.
By some estimates as much as 80 per cent of information circulating in the world is related to geospatial location. To gain the most from that information you will probably need to know more about that place – where it is; what it is like; how it relates to other locations; how it has changed through time. The Map Department of Cambridge University Library with its 1.3 million maps and over 40,000 atlases and books on cartography can help you to answer these questions (and many more).
The printed and manuscript maps and atlases in the Map Department cover the whole world in a range of scales, from detailed topographic maps showing the lie of the land and the man-made features resting upon it, to world maps showing ocean currents or time zones. The maps were compiled for a variety of purposes – through propaganda to art and science – and show different types of information, like geology, climate, transport, streets and historical events. Items in the collection range in date from the 15th century to the present day and as well as being used to tell the history of a place, they can be studied in their own right as works of art, as reflections of the society in which they were made, as a means of understanding how such items were made and why.
- John Speed’s maps of the counties of Great Britain (Atlas.2.61.1)
- A selection of printed maps of Cambridge, from the first complete plan of the city in 1574 by Richard Lyne to William Custance’s map of 1798, before the great changes that affected the city during the early part of the 19th century.
- Three spectacular maps of parts of Burma painted on cloth in about 1860. The largest of these maps measures 405 x 259 cm and may well be the largest single item in the Cambridge Digital Library!
- Cambridge University Library’s only Portolan chart (an early sea chart). This one is of the Aegean Sea and part of the Eastern Mediterranean and was drawn in about 1650 (Maps.Ms.Plans.697).
Over 100 manuscript maps from the Map Department’s
collection including many 19th and early 20th centuries
maps of parts of Cambridge.
- The earliest maps in this tranche of images (more will be added later) are a 1754 map of “lands belonging to the Revrd. Mr. Saml. Knight lying in the parish of Wilingham in the county of Cambridge” (Maps.Ms.Plans.18) and a 1776 map of an estate in Mildenhall, Suffolk (Maps.Ms.Plans.7).
- Some maps include the names of land owners, such as a plan of the parish of Rampton, drawn in 1837 (Maps.Ms.Plans.42).
- And, of course, many of the areas have now changed. Look, for example, at the map of pasture lands in the area now known as Brookside (Maps.Ms.Plans.62(d)) and plans the area around Thompsons Lane in Cambridge, an area at one time occupied by a coal yard and an orchard and now known as Quayside
- Plan of Cambridge market in 1836 (Maps.Ms.Plans.76)
- Plans of the Old Botanic Gardens, Free School Lane and Pembroke Street
- A wonderfully evocative map of Greece (Maps.Ms.Plans.3).
Maps can also be found in other Digital Library collections such as Treasures, Waterloo, Board of Longitude and the Royal Commonwealth Society collections and have a look at Lancelot 'Capability' Brown’s map of The Backs at Cambridge (UA P.I.3)