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Medieval and Early Modern Greek Manuscripts

We look upon the Greek as containing the Books of most Solid & useful Learning" Humfrey Wanley, 1712.

The Polonsky Foundation Greek Manuscripts Project, a collaboration between the Universities of Cambridge and Heidelberg, conserved catalogued and digitised the medieval and early modern Greek manuscripts held across Cambridge and those in the Bibliotheca Palatina, which is split between Heidelberg University Library and the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana. The project took place between 2018 and 2021.

The digitisation of the 432 Codices Palatini graeci manuscripts (29 housed in Heidelberg and 403 in the Vatican) has enabled the entire Palatine manuscript library to be reunited in electronic form, following the earlier digitisation of the Codices Palatini latini and Codices Palatini germanici manuscripts. All are now available via the Heidelberg digital library.

The 427 Greek manuscripts in Cambridge belong to fourteen different institutions – Cambridge University Library, the Fitzwilliam Museum and twelve colleges: Christ’ s, Clare, Corpus Christi, Emmanuel, Gonville and Caius, King’s, Pembroke, Queens’, St John’s, Sidney Sussex, Trinity and Westminster. They are all published on Cambridge Digital Library in this collection, the first to bring together items from so many different institutions. Many of the manuscripts belonging to the colleges can also be found in their college collections on the Digital Library.

The Cambridge manuscripts encompass the full chronological range of Greek manuscript culture, stretching from the early Christian period to the early modern and ranging widely across liturgy, history, law, science, medicine, poetry, drama, grammar, rhetoric, theology and philosophy. Viewed as a whole, they bear witness to the enduring legacy of classical and Byzantine Greek culture and the lasting importance of Greek scholarship in Cambridge. There are texts of classical authors such as Aristotle, Sophocles and Homer, important biblical manuscripts and liturgical books of the Byzantine church. These volumes also have stories to tell about the collecting, studying, editing and translating of Greek manuscripts in western Europe in the medieval and early modern periods.

Conservation attention to each manuscript ensured that they could be digitised safely and helps secure the long-term availability of the collections. Prior to this project, for most of the Cambridge Greek manuscripts, the only published catalogue description dated from the nineteenth or early twentieth century and some had never been fully described.

For more details about the project, see the project webpage.


Medieval and Early Modern Greek Manuscripts
Cambridge University Library is extremely grateful for the support of the Polonsky Foundation which has made this project, and this collection, possible.
  The Polonsky Foundation